Parque Tikal Guatemala.

Parque Nacional Tikal. Guatemala.

Tikal is one of the largest urban centers of pre-Columbian Mayan civilization. It is located in the municipality of Flores in the Department of Petén, in the current territory of the Republic of Guatemala and is part of the Tikal National Park, which was declared a World Heritage Site by Unesco in 1979. According to the Glífos found in the site its Mayan name would have been «Yax Mutul». Tikal was the capital of a belligerent state that became one of the most powerful kingdoms of the ancient Mayas. ​

Although the monumental architecture of the site dates back to the 4th century BC, Tikal reached its apogee during the classic period, between 200 and 900 D. During this time, the city dominated a large part of the Mayan region in the political, economic and military spheres, and maintained links with other regions throughout Mesoamerica. ​After the late classic no major monuments were built, some elite palaces were burned and the population gradually decayed until the site was abandoned at the end of the 10th century. With a long list of dynastic rulers, the discovery of many of their respective graves and the study of their monuments, temples and palaces, Tikal is probably the best-understood of the great Mayan cities of the lowlands of Mesoamerica.

The park is open from Monday to Sunday from 6:00 to 18:00 hours. The entry has a cost of Q 25.00 for nationals and Q 150.00 for foreigners.